Genital Warts

What are Genital Warts?

Genital Wart (Condyloma); HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) is a viral lesion that can also be transmitted sexually. HPV lesion can be transmitted by contact with another person or different organs of the same person. After the infection, HPV virus can disappear before it is suppressed by the immune system of the contact person and creates a lesion. In cases where the virus cannot be suppressed, it can occur with lesions in the penis, groin and peri anal areas after an average of 1 year. In addition to creating an aesthetically bad visual condition, penile corpus and collum region lesions in men and intra-vaginal and cervical lesions in women can cause painful intercourse and bleeding during sexual intercourse. HPV virus is known to trigger genital cancers in women. Using condoms during sexual intercourse is not enough to prevent HPV transmission, it cannot prevent the transmission of warts in the pubic and groin areas. Procedures that disrupt the lesion integrity such as shaving increase the risk of HPV transmission much more. Any foreign tissue fragments detected in the penis, pubis and groin areas should be evaluated by a urologist or dermatologist without delay, and lesions considered to be Condyloma Acuminata should be resected.

Genital Wart Treatment

Among the treatment methods:

  • Surgical Method: It is the removal of the lesion from the tissue with a simple surgical incision. It is not preferred except for very large lesions.
  • Cryotherapy (Freezing): It is based on the principle of necrosis by lowering the temperature of the lesion and surrounding tissue to -5 ° C or below by contacting the probes cooled with liquid carbon dioxide at -78 ° C to the tissue or by spraying liquid nitrogen at -88 ° C to the tissue. It is mostly used in large plate lesions.
  • Treatment with Acidic Drugs: The use of some chemical corrosive fluids to prevent the formation of HPV lesions with residual (remaining) small tissue pieces especially after the main resection reduces recurrence (re-lesion formation).
  • Topical Creams: Like acidic drugs, they can be given to reduce recurrence after resection.
  • Treatment with Laser Method: It is the main treatment we use in the treatment of genital warts in lesion resection in our clinic. After a simple local anesthesia, the procedure is performed painlessly. It is the treatment method we prefer primarily because it allows much more controlled incisions and reduces complications such as bleeding. It can be combined with other treatment methods depending on the lesion types.